what are the 3 types of farming

(b) Farming begins at the onset of rainy season. (b) Soil is kept very loose by intense ploughing so that rain water can penetrate deeper. Plantation Farming. (iii) Cultivation aims at both domestic and international market. The farming system is comparatively cost-effective as irrigation is not required. Dry farming is an age-old practice in semiarid regions, sub-desert regions and dry interior plateau areas. Content Guidelines 2. (e) Weeds are removed, otherwise weeds may consume the little available water. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Collective Farming 4. Mostly tribal farmers used to practice this. (d) Western Rajasthan and Central China, etc. Major problems of irrigation farming are: 1. seeds, pesticides and machines are employed to increase productivity. The 3 main types of… Mixed farming refers to mixing enterprises on a single farm, such as a dairy farm that also raises livestock. While farming is not as prevalent in many cultures as it was in decades past, there are still many different types of farms in full operation today. ( Log Out /  The 3 main types of Subsistence Farms are: The 7 main types of Commercial Farms are: For more information on Pastoralism and Dairy Farming check out our other posts. (a) Farming method is comparatively cheaper than other methods. Shifting Cultivation. Prohibited Content 3. Market surplus of food grain and raw materials required by the industrial sector are produced on such farms. By producing their crops on a larger scale, the farmers are capable of bulk production. By producing their crops on a larger scale, the farmers are capable of bulk production. Privacy Policy 8. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? Humid farming is prevalent in areas where rainfall is abundant, excess water is stored and provided to the farmlands — systematically. What are the Key Similarities and Differences Between Pastoral Nomadism and Sedentary Pastoralism? This is done by removing dried up trees, burning tree trunks, tree branches, and other weeds. (i) Due to excessive rainfall, water-logging and flood create havoc and devastates the entire production. The story of how agriculture was born Till about 10,000 B.C., people were nomadic (The people who have no permanent homes and continuously move from one place to another are called nomads). Cooperative Farming. Terracing, leveling, construction adjacent to the field and regular weeding are some of the measures that help to conserve soil moisture. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Due to inadequate rainfall, all efforts are made to optimize the scanty available water utilization. People usually think the farmers in this system are poor. Specialized farming has some handicaps in that it is dependent upon a favorable market. It is a type of diversified farming that usually focuses on multiple crops or specialties that support one another. Having only a few types of crops can backfire if the crops fail as well. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Long dry spells may mar the cultivation process. (d) The production quantum is also governed by the amount of periodicity of rainfall. (d) Wells or deeper canals are constructed to contain rain-water. Large area required for irrigation project. Specialized farming can also refer to farms that only grow two to three crops in order to maximize profits. They do not use fertilisers and improved seeds as much as they should. Shifting Cultivation. The sandy loam soils of semi-arid regions contain more mineral, as very little leaching occurs in the absence of intense rainfall. Having only a few types of crops can … Change ), What are some Characteristics of Pastoral Nomadism. What are some Common Practices of Dairy Farmers? This type of farming has developed on a commercial basis in areas of the world where large plots of land are available for animal grazing, such as the low rainfall areas of North America, South America and Australia. (ii) Due to high rainfall, soil erosion accelerates and lowers soil fertility. According to the nature and characteristic of rainfall, cropping pat­tern varies from one region to another. Specialized farming has some handicaps in that it is dependent upon a favorable market. (ii) Irrigation enables cultivation throughout the year; even the marginal lands are cultivated. Large dams are built across the vast mighty rivers like Ganga, Indus, Irrawaddy, Menam, Mekong, San-Joaquin which provide ample water in the drier parts of the year for irrigation purpose. With subsistence farming, the farmer produces food for himself and his family. Farming System # 1. (a) To conserve water, land is terraced in such a way that it cannot be washed away — the entire amount can be used for cultivation. In addition, specializing can have a negative impact on the soil. The major objective of the farmer is to retain the scanty rain-water and optimize use of this water in scientific and best possible manner. Specialized farming that focuses on raising sheep, cattle or other animals, however, does not utilize public lands for grazing. 3. and What is a Milkshed? What are some obstacles for Dairy Farmers? This article throws light upon the top three types of farming on the basis of supply of moisture and water.

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