purpose of english literature

[72] Fanny Burney's novels "were enjoyed and admired by Jane Austen". Literary criticism in the 20th century gradually drew attention to the links between Victorian poetry and modernism. Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. "Samuel Taylor Coleridge." Art also is a product of life. [33] The English dialect of these poems from the Midlands is markedly different from that of the London-based Chaucer and, though influenced by French in the scenes at court in Sir Gawain, there are in the poems also many dialect words, often of Scandinavian origin, that belonged to northwest England.[33]. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961), at times takes the reader briefly into the distant future, to see the various fates that befall its characters. His two Treatises on Government, which later inspired the thinkers in the American Revolution. The South African writer Olive Schreiner's famous novel The Story of an African Farm was published in 1883 and New Zealander Katherine Mansfield published her first collection of short stories, In a German Pension, in 1911. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The European Romantic movement reached America in the early 19th century. Romanticism was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century. Students who are encouraged to read have a more intimate knowledge of the ways in which language works, and so have an advantage when it comes time for them to write. And while books aren’t the only kinds of stories out there, they are one of the most important. But while modernism was to become an important literary movement in the early decades of the new century, there were also many fine writers who, like Thomas Hardy, were not modernists. The poetry of this period was heavily influenced by the Romantics, but also went off in its own directions. He established the heroic couplet as a standard form of English poetry. Literature has no official “purpose.” No one, human or God, has charged it with any particular duty. [140] Two groups of poets emerged in the 1890s, the Yellow Book poets who adhered to the tenets of Aestheticism, including Algernon Charles Swinburne, Oscar Wilde and Arthur Symons and the Rhymers' Club group, that included Ernest Dowson, Lionel Johnson and Irishman William Butler Yeats. For example, Robert Herrick was not a courtier, but his style marks him as a Cavalier poet. [123] The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) by Anne Brontë is now considered to be one of the first feminist novels. Many novels encourage critical thinking on their own, due to the issues and themes they explore. All literature, whether it be poems, essays, novels, or short stories, helps us address human nature and conditions which affect all people. An important new element in the world of British drama, from the beginnings of radio in the 1920s, was the commissioning of plays, or the adaption of existing plays, by BBC radio. Thomas De Quincey (1785–1859) is best known for his Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1821),[95] Essayist William Hazlitt (1778–1830), friend of both Coleridge and Wordsworth, is best known today for his literary criticism, especially Characters of Shakespeare's Plays (1817–18). Chris Gostick, "Extra Material on James Hanley's. Drama in the early part of the period featured the last plays of John Vanbrugh and William Congreve, both of whom carried on the Restoration comedy with some alterations. Plays could run longer and still draw in the audiences, leading to better profits and improved production values. The same goes for Shakespeare’s dramas, and for the novels of early American writers. Another noted writer in the spy novel genre was John le Carré, while in thriller writing, Ian Fleming created the character James Bond 007. Mainstream novelists such Doris Lessing and Margaret Atwood also wrote works in this genre. John Milton (1608–1674) "was the last great poet of the English Renaissance"[61] and published a number of works before 1660, including L'Allegro,1631; Il Penseroso, 1634; Comus (a masque), 1638; and Lycidas, (1638). Another major figure, Sir Philip Sidney (1554–1586), was an English poet, whose works include Astrophel and Stella, The Defence of Poetry, and The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia. St.) Her works, especially Middlemarch (1871–72), are important examples of literary realism, and are admired for their combination of high Victorian literary detail, with an intellectual breadth that removes them from the narrow geographic confines they often depict.[127]. [37], In the Middle Ages, drama in the vernacular languages of Europe may have emerged from enactments of the liturgy. As they say, life imitates art. Novels such as The Great Gatsby, The Scarlet Letter, and The Catcher in the Rye are noted for their unique style and creativity with language. [141] Also in 1896 A.E. [35], A major work from the 15th century is Le Morte d'Arthur by Sir Thomas Malory, which was printed by Caxton in 1485. Relocating [171] Munro also received the Man Booker International Prize in 2009. When their subjects read words about texture, the subjects' sensory cortex lit up. In summary, literature takes students out of their own lives and lets them experience things that are new and challenging, and encourages them to imagine possibilities and to think about ways the world could be different. It helps with both writing and reading abilities, of course, but it also allows for more complex discourse. It is one of the better-known Arthurian stories of an established type known as the "beheading game". Robert Louis Stevenson's (1850–1894) Treasure Island (1883), is the classic pirate adventure. Lewis author of The Chronicles of Narnia, and J.K. Rowling who wrote the highly successful Harry Potter series.

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