principle of integration in plant layout

5. 6. Where a large volume of production of each item has to travel the production process, over a considerable period of time. Principles of Plant Layout: Principle of integration: A good layout is one that integrates men, materials, machines and supporting services and others in order to get the optimum utilisation of resources and maximum effectiveness. While designing the plant layout, the following principles must be kept in view: Materials and labour should be moved over minimum distances; saving cost and time of transportation and material handling. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. A good layout should facilitate effective supervision over workers. Lundy. 1. Following are the objectives/advantages of plant layout: (i) Streamline flow of materials through the plant, (iii) Facilitate manufacturing progress by maintaining balance in the processes, (iv) Maintain flexibility of arrangements and of operation, (v) Maintaining high turnover of in-process inventory, (vi) Effective utilisation of men, equipment and space, (viii) Minimise interference (i.e. 5. The plant and machinery in case of product layout and departments in case of process layout should be arranged as per sequence of operations of most of the products. Special cupboards, enclosures, offices, partitions etc. All available cubic space should be effectively utilized – both horizontally and vertically. Some criterion may conflict with some other criterion and as a result no layout can be ideal it has to integrate all factors into the best possible compromise. Greater flexibility for changes in product design and for future expansion. 6. keep investment at a lower level) in equipment. Variety of jobs makes the work challenging and interesting. 7. Layout should be flexible enough to be adaptable to changes required by expansion or technological development. It is called line layout because machines are arrange in a straight line. In this type of layout men, materials and machines are brought to a product that remains in one place owing to its size. 4. All available cubic space should be effectively used both horizontally and vertically. Simplified production planning and control; and simple and effective inspection of work. Efficient utilization of available space. Here’s How to Celebrate Remotely, How Technology Can Help You Manage Your Business During the Pandemic, Why Is Social Media Marketing Necessary for Small Businesses. 5. The following layout examples encompass a wide variety of facility characteristics, and of process characteristics. Process layout is suitable in the following cases, where: 1. Thanks for your interest, and I hope you'll 2. All the plant facilities and services should be fully integrated into a single operating unit; to minimize cost of production. —Morris E. Hurley, “Plant layout can be defined as a technique of locating machines, processes and plant services within the factory so as to achieve the greatest possible output of high quality at the lowest possible total cost of manufacturing”. 1. Inclusive integration – The plant should integrate all the important resources of men, machine, and materials into a single operating unit so as to maximize efficiency and minimize cost of production. (ii) Most of managers now realize that after the site for plant location is selected; it is better to develop the layout and build the building around it – rather than to construct the building first and then try to fit the layout into it. Principle of Overall Integration: According to this principle the best layout is one which provides integration of production facilities like men, machinery, raw materials, supporting activities and any other such factors which result in the best compromise. Perfect line balancing which eliminates bottlenecks and idle capacity. Effective utilisation of men, equipment and space.

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